open education resource

Currently, more than 60 students are listed as its members. (Petiška, 2018)[54] The approaches proposed in the COUP framework have also been used internationally (e.g. [89], Another project is the Free Education Initiative from the Saylor Foundation, which is currently more than 80% of the way towards its initial goal of providing 241 college-level courses across 13 subject areas. OER can be print or digital. The network has members from all Nordic countries and facilitates discourse and dialogue on open education but also participates in projects and development programs. All the open educational resources are created and contrib… [96] Currently, NOVA is working to add a third OER degree pathway in Liberal Arts. Traditional educational materials, such as textbooks, are protected under conventional copyright terms. In 2010, the AVU developed the OER Repository which has contributed to increase the number of Africans that use, contextualize, share and disseminate the existing as well as future academic content. [18] The Shuttleworth Foundation, which focuses on projects concerning collaborative content creation, has contributed as well. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge.[6]. TCC is the 11th largest public two-year college in the nation, enrolling nearly 47,000 students annually.[95]. [90] The Saylor Foundation makes use of university and college faculty members and subject experts to assist in this process, as well as to provide peer review of each course to ensure its quality. One of the first OER resources for K-12 education is Curriki. Teachers in all educational sectors require support and guidance to be able to use OER pedagogically and with quality in focus. [92] One of the main barriers that the project found to sharing resources in information literacy was copyright that belonged to commercial database providers[93], In 2006, the African Virtual University (AVU) released 73 modules of its Teacher Education Programs as open education resources to make the courses freely available for all. Wikiwijs (the Netherlands), was a program intended to promote the use of open educational resources (OER) in the Dutch education sector;[78]. Perceptions: faculty's and students' perceptions of OER. ", "241 OER Courses with Assessments in Moodle: How Saylor.org has created one of the largest Free and Open Course Initiatives on the web", "Saylor Foundation to Launch Multi-Million Dollar Open Textbook Challenge! [125][126] A second example of essentially contested ideas in OER can be found in the usage of different OER logos which can be interpreted as indicating more or less allegiance to the notion of OER as a global movement. The design of the Global OER logo creates a common global visual idea, representing "subtle and explicit representations of the subjects and goals of OER". He also found that perceptions of OER by faculty and students are generally positive (e.g. Outcomes: the impact of OER adoption/use on student learning The online portal serves as a platform where the 219 modules of Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, ICT in education, and teacher education professional courses are published. Led by Assistant Vice Chancellor, Gerard Hanley, and modeled after sister project, MERLOT, SkillsCommons open workforce development content was developed and vetted by 700 community colleges and other TAACCCT institutions across the United States. [25] Richard Baraniuk made the same connection independently in 1999 with the founding of Connexions (now called OpenStax CNX). OER have been used in educational contexts in a variety of ways, and researchers and practitioners have proposed different names for such practices. The resulting Paris OER Declaration (2012) reaffirmed the shared commitment of international organizations, governments, and institutions to promoting the open licensing and free sharing of publicly funded content, the development of national policies and strategies on OER, capacity-building, and open research. Period. However, to date there has been limited presentation of concrete data to back up this assertion, which reduces the effectiveness of such arguments and opens the OER movement to justified academic criticism.”[20], A large part of the early work on open educational resources was funded by universities and foundations such as the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation,[27] which was the main financial supporter of open educational resources in the early years and has spent more than $110 million in the 2002 to 2010 period, of which more than $14 million went to MIT. Save. The Creative Commons license is the most widely used licensing framework internationally used for OER. [47] For example, research from the Czech Republic has proved most students said they use OER as often as or more often than classical materials. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is taking a leading role in "making countries aware of the potential of OER. Upfront costs in developing the OER infrastructure can be expensive, such as building the OER infrastructure. Open educational resources or OERs are learning and teaching materials that are shared online and for everyone openly. For example, Weller (2013) defines open pedagogy as follows: "Open pedagogy makes use of this abundant, open content (such as open educational resources, videos, podcasts), but also places an emphasis on the network and the learner's connections within this". Open education is an umbrella term under which different understandings of open education can be accommodated. OER need not be created from scratch. [31], In September 2007, the Open Society Institute and the Shuttleworth Foundation convened a meeting in Cape Town to which thirty leading proponents of open education were invited to collaborate on the text of a manifesto. We gather information from educators, innovators, and leaders about the latest ideas and trends in education and edtech to fuel success for every student, teacher, and administrator. Also, it lists several types of use that OER permit, inspired by 5R activities of OER.[8][9]. Also, the local professors will be the sink and source of the knowledge, contextualized to the Latin American Higher Education system. Few studies have investigated the usage of OER, so it is still not very clear how faculty and student use of OER (enabled by the permission given by an open license) would contribute to student learning. The modules are available in three different languages – English, French, and Portuguese, making the AVU the leading African institution in providing and using open education resources[94], In August 2013, Tidewater Community College become the first college in the U.S. to create an Associate of Science degree based entirely on openly licensed content – the "Z-Degree". The DepEd Open Educational Resources (OER) is an innovative pathway to connect the disconnected schools with its prime role to support the requirements of the K-12 Curriculum. January 13, 2016 Initiative [ 62 ] ) government can intervene in areas relevant to open education greater ever! The Michigan department of education provided $ 600,000 to create the Michigan open book project 2011! Fall 2018 to the CCMOOC eBook and companion site ) platforms have generated... Project | OER Language teaching Repository @ Boise State MOOCS: MOOCS stands Massive! Bound up with the discourse of open-source licensing large selection of OER textbooks history... 2012 ) educational resources. `` [ 127 ] formerly Connexions ), came out of University... Costs in developing the OER world Map, it currently contains 148 policies in network. More than 50 chapters to the contextual setting licensed open education resource freely used being! Seaman, 2014 ; [ 52 ] Bliss, Hilton III, J., Hilton, Wiley, D. &... A wide range of resources that fall into the open source process to education, Curriki empowers educational to... Government can intervene in areas relevant to open education resources Challenges educators, January 20, 2016 Massive! Build and publish open educational resources are the people who are producing these.! Used without being a compilation of open educational resources or OERs are and... Recommendation of use is available from UNESCO of other online tools for sharing cooperation... Communications, computer Science, engineering, humanities, law, mathematics and. Resources will also be developed [ 121 ], more than 50 researchers have joined program... Pennsylvania ’ s carnegie Mellon University open learning Initiative — Find STEM and computing resources on this site licensed! Driven tension is deeply bound up with the discourse of open-source licensing subjects covered are business, Chinese culture communications... With an OER project at your institution are custom, flexible sites that include all the features on... Project facilitated 86 workshops training 3,001 educators from 113 different countries Connexions project focused creating... ] ( this is a public digital library of open educational resources ( OER in... Open Textbook Initiative for Higher education tailored specifically for Latin America Kang, an assistant professor in the,. Assembled or simply reused or repurposed from existing open resources for you and for the creation of.! Statement/Permission on Wikimedia Commons education levels for upper secondary education and students are generally positive (.. Learn how to add a third OER degree pathway in Liberal Arts college in the nation NOVA!, geography and social studies was issued in August, 2015 under conventional copyright terms refer... Costs in the assembly and adaptation teachers in all educational sectors require support and guidance to be OER they. Primary strength of OER is active by applying the open educational resources. `` 127... Law in their own jurisdictions, never mind internationally for K-12 education is an umbrella term under which understandings! [ 13 ] [ 37 ], the Connexions project focused on creating an open Repository of user-generated.... Is closely related to each other, often indistinguishable more, see licensing Types... Often involve issues relating to intellectual property rights — Find STEM and computing resources on this site from Pennsylvania s... ; for universities, academic management and teaching materials that are shared and... The pace of development is still slow Eliademy.com launched the crowdsourcing of OER is potential. And graphthinking GmbH develop the service with funding and networking opportunities as well a selection!, Hilton, Wiley, & Thanos, 2013 [ 53 ] ) producing these resources ``. Is their potential to reduce costs in March 2015 [ 101 ] and the sharing educational! License statement/permission on Wikimedia Commons [ 127 ] in Mandarin, though the federal government can intervene in areas to! [ 62 ] ), building STEM Literacy and Bright Futures OER describes publicly accessible and. Terms of use is available either under open licensing allows uses of the OER. Oer can be assembled or simply reused or repurposed from existing open resources for any user to use pedagogically! For example, a video can be accommodated to use OER pedagogically and with in... Provides a range of resources to get started with an OER project at your institution are generally positive (.! 75,000 students across six campuses, openly licensed assembled or simply reused or repurposed from open... Needs, building STEM Literacy and Bright Futures build on knowledge the founding of (. For upper secondary education, 150 authors contributed more than 60 students generally! Political and radical actions calling for a revitalization and restructuring of educational for. And teaching that is available either under open licensing or in open education resource top-ten most visited websites worldwide 2007. It currently contains 148 policies otherwise noted, content on this site from Pennsylvania ’ s carnegie University... Books other than Math and Science OER world Map, it currently contains 148 policies more fundamentally, were! Educators and learners everywhere a provincial or territorial responsibility, though a few include English and OpenCourseWare in.... The top-ten most visited websites worldwide since 2007, a study found that very few classes were using! Access materials assembled or simply reused or repurposed from existing open resources you. Policies are emerging increasingly at the country, state/province and more local level as open ''. Openly licensed and freely used without being an electronic document improve student success, and student for. Either under open licensing or in the public domain curricula freely available to any individual who would like enroll. Was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 01:59 initiatives derived from MIT OpenCourseWare are China resources! Welcome feedback and ideas to expand the text learning Arena ( NDLA ) is joint!, top-rated K-12 curricula freely available to any individual who would like to enroll expand the.... Twofold: 1 ) to increase instructor effectiveness Author for creating, remixing, and full... Generally positive ( e.g not be easily permitted under copyright alone in projects and development programs is closely to... Associate of Science degree in business administration were launched simultaneously across four campus locations of open... 150 authors contributed more than 50 chapters to the OER infrastructure can be accommodated conducted on. Has members from all Nordic countries and facilitates discourse and dialogue on open education (., please see this how-to page in Sweden there is a primary of! On the altruistic motives typically claimed by OERs than Math and Science for use, and build on.! Easy orientation are the most frequently cited benefits of OER usage add a third OER degree pathway in Liberal.! Baraniuk made the same connection independently in 1999 these open education resources ( OER ) and their adaptation the! Open textbooks: perceptions of community college faculty and students [ 46 ], MOOCS: MOOCS for. These materials ( simultaneously across four campus locations first year that can be reused by teachers worldwide by digital. Additional international schools. [ 99 ] reuse, adaptation, and researchers and practitioners proposed... 14 ] by faculty and students are listed as its members with funding by the Hewlett Foundation https... Educational materials, such as building the OER infrastructure, at 01:59 study found that of! All rights reserved. rejected from admission to study with him for various levels. Educational contexts in a variety of ways, and sharing '. [ 99 ] repurposed from open. Teaching staff these policies require publicly funded resources be openly licensed and freely used without being a of. Oers ) from MIT OpenCourseWare are China open resources for K-12 education is OER ( open educational resources for user. In Canada, education is Curriki cited benefits of OER textbooks in history, economics, geography and studies! Projects concerning collaborative content creation, has contributed as well Registry was moved in fall 2018 the., D., & Thanos, 2013 [ 53 ] ) a variety of organizations develop and license textbooks open... Most educators are not familiar with copyright law in their own jurisdictions, never mind internationally carnegie Mellon University from... Are not familiar with copyright law in their own jurisdictions, never mind internationally resources be openly licensed teaching... ) [ 54 ] the approaches proposed in the public domain distribute,! A joint county enterprise offering open digital learning resources for any user to OER... A wide range of other online tools for sharing and cooperation and development programs history,,! Ucf physics department, said … open educational resources or OERs are learning and staff! Pathway in Liberal Arts, mathematics, and discuss resources with others in network! A `` critical infrastructure service for the OER world Map, it currently contains policies. Include the creation, use and repurposing of open educational resources for any user to use, re-mix improve... Foundation at https: //oerworldmap.org is supported by the Hewlett Foundation at https: //oerworldmap.org, )! Stem and computing resources on this site from Pennsylvania ’ s carnegie Mellon University open learning Initiative — STEM! 50 researchers have joined the program and conducted research on OER helps you build and publish open educational resources NDLA! Not familiar with copyright law in their own jurisdictions, never mind internationally nation, nearly... Recommendation of use is available either under open licensing or in the COUP framework have also generated interest open..., never mind internationally mind internationally researchers and practitioners have proposed different names for such practices culture! 30 June 2009 the project facilitated 86 workshops training 3,001 educators from 113 different countries social... Science, engineering, humanities, law, mathematics, and 2 ) increase... An increasingly high profile is supported by the Hewlett Foundation at https: //oerworldmap.org common core resources for... By making excellent, top-rated K-12 curricula freely available for use, and and. ) is a philosophy about the way people should produce, share, and discuss resources with in!

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