rohtang tunnel benefits

This tunnel connects Leh and Manali regions. The new route via the tunnel brings down the total distance travelled to 71 km (44.1 mi) which can be covered in about 2 hours and 5 minutes, a reduction of around 3 to 4 hours when compared to the earlier route. But now with the time lessening by 3 hours or so, these overnight halts will be reduced to almost nothing. [31], Other challenges to the progress of the tunnel included difficulties in disposing more than 8 lakh m³ of excavated rock and soil,[32] heavy ingress of water (as much as 30 lakh litres per day in June 2012)[33] that required constant dewatering, costlier treatment and slowed the progress of excavation from 5-metre per day to just half a metre a day and unstable rocks that slowed blasting and digging. "Listen to your heart positively" A class tenth boy commit suicide due to inability to get online classes The 9.02 kilometres-long Atal Tunnel, named after former Prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, passes under the Rohtang Pass in the eastern Pir … As on 22 November 2017, it was decided to allow patients to be carried through the under-construction tunnel only in the gravest of emergency when the helicopter service was not available and not to allow civilians to enter the tunnel before completion due to risks of falling rocks, lack of oxygen in the tunnel as ventilation system was yet to be installed, etc. Tourism will flourish even in the winters, bringing both livelihood and daily activity. India’s largest auto media for the bike & car community for over 22 years. The two-lane tunnel, once opened to vehicular traffic will help travellers to avoid the Rohtang Pass, about 51 km from Manali, will cut down a distance of 46 km between Manali and Keylong . In 2000, the project was estimated to cost ₹500 crore and be completed in seven years. But, even with the Atal Tunnel opening, it will not be possible to get into Spiti in the winter. The benefits of the Atal Tunnel are already being felt. Yes, +15 degrees in Manali, may turn to -20 degrees across the tunnel! The traveller now reaches the South Portal of the tunnel from Manali, a distance of 24.4 km (15.2 mi) in about 50 minutes, goes through the 9.02 km (5.6 mi) long tunnel in about 15 minutes, and reaches Keylong which is 37 km (23.0 mi) away in about 60 minutes. Sep 2018: the tunnel was used for evacuation of people stranded in Lahaul after sudden spell of bad weather blocked Rohtang La due to snowfall. As of June 2012, two years after the start of the project, 3.5 km of the tunnel digging had been completed. Cutting through a mountain to the west of Rohtang La, the tunnel will shorten the distance between Solang Valley near Manali to Sissu in Lahaul, the two points it connects, by around 46 km. Will this not harm the ecology of this pristine region? Medical facilities to deal with all this, needs to be in place. Rohtang will get a reprieve from these hordes and in the overall ecological balance, things will remain the same. Services inside Rohtang Tunnel: *Telephone at every 150 metres *Fire hydrant at every 60 metres *Emergency exit at every 500 metres *Turning cavern at every 2.2. km *Air Quality monitoring every 1 km The tunnel will also reduce the distance between Manali and Leh by 46 km. Situated in the Pir Panjal ranges, the Rohtang Pass highway tunnel will provide ample room for two-way traffic and is designed to cater to a maximum vehicular speed of 80 km per hour. The valley was earlier cut off for about six months every year due to heavy snowfall. This was in September 2018, basically as part of a rescue effort, to bring back to Manali, cars that had got stuck in Keylong, due to unseasonal heavy snow. The tunnel reduces the distance between Manali and Leh by 46 km and the travel time by four to five hours. So people halted for the night at Sarchu or Pang. It is likewise the nation's first passage to have an escape tunnel inside the fundamental passage or main tunnel. In winter this water can freeze into slippery black ice as the tunnel will act as a venturi for icy winds blowing in through the North portal. The drive will become easier next year with the completion of the Rohtang Tunnel, a trans-Himalayan short cut that will reduce travel times and ensure year-round connectivity to Ladakh. It is a horse-shoe shaped tunnel with raised footpaths on both sides of the lanes. The Atal Rohtang Tunnel will reduce the travel time by four to five hours. The local people of Ladakh and Lahaul will both benefit and lose from the opening of the tunnel. [35] Questions were also raised on the impact of cutting down more than 700 trees on the ecology.[36]. He also said the government is keen to promote tourism in Lahaul. Since the Atal tunnel is likely to witness heavy traffic, CCTV cameras are placed at regular intervals in the tunnel which are connected to two monitoring rooms on both ends of the tunnel for vehicular management and pollution monitoring. 9) The tunnel will reduce the driving time to Lahaul and Leh. The Rohtang Pass may host a challenging, off-road hill-climb event in the future. Will it be possible for example to drive over Kunzum La and get into Spiti too from Lahaul? Excavation was expected to be completed in 2017, with opening in the second half of 2019. Rohtang pass is the highest mountain pass on the on the eastern Pir Panjal range in the middle of Himalayas and Tunnel become a reality for India and will be the biggest achievement for India. Earlier, the road connectivity was limited to only one season of the year as the Rohtang pass remains closed in the winters due to heavy snowfall. The Atal Tunnel has been planned to ensure an all-seasons, all-weather road route to strategically important areas of Ladakh and the remote Lahaul-Spiti valley. (a) Upper tolerance limit for concentration – 150ppm, After frequent visits of Director General Border Roads, officials from Defence Ministry and Himachal Chief Minister, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 11:55. … This Atal Rohtang Tunnel will enable the safe movement of military vehicles to the Ladakh border through this and there will be no problem in providing logistics to the troops. File Photo: Rohtang Tunnel under construction. Along will come associated requirements for traffic policing, garbage management and parking areas that inevitably result from an increase in traffic. We grew too old to play the same game again and again. Also stay well within the speed limits as the tunnel is built under an aquifer, which causes it to leak water onto the tunnel's tarmac. Support system: Fibre-reinforced concrete (100–300mm or 0–10 inch thick) combined with rock bolt (26.50mm dia, 5,000–9,000mm or 200–350 inch long) has been used as the principal support system. Dec 2019: On 25 December the tunnel, which was known as Rohtang tunnel till then, was officially renamed as the Atal Tunnel. 1) When did you drive through the Atal Tunnel and what were your feelings? The most challenging task was to continue the excavation during heavy snowfall in winter. As of 3 September 2017, 276 metres of the tunnel digging work remained. This is untrue. and likely interruption in construction work due to presence of civilians. Prime Minister Narendra Modi flags off a bus from Manali after inaugurating the Atal Tunnel. This tunnel provides year round connectivity to Lahaul. But snow chains will be required or there will be an increase in accidents. There were more than 46 avalanche sites on approaches to the tunnel. The economy will boom. Copyright © 2018 Overdrive - All rights reserved. Only about one-fourth of the entire tunnel was excavated from the north end and three-fourths was excavated from the south end. It will help in promoting tourism in the region," he said. Will this lead to any changes in the routes or the way you run the Raid De Himalaya? Afcons, in a joint venture with Strabag, has constructed the world's longest motorable tunnel 3,000 m above sea level. The project is set to cut short the distance between Keylong and Manali by 45 … Excavation for tunnelling was done from both ends. The work was awarded to a joint venture of AFCONS Infrastructure Limited, an Indian construction company of Shapoorji Pallonji Group, and STRABAG AG, Austria, in September 2009. 5) How will the tunnel affect the local people of Lahaul and even Ladakh? Atal Tunnel in Rohtang, which is the most noteworthy elevation burrow on … However, there was no progress for the next three years, until May 2010.[12]. (Image Source-NW 18). New challenges like our motorcycle expedition in deep winter to Daulat Beg Oldie and the Karakoram Pass in 2019, offer more challenge. Fires inside the tunnel will be controlled within an area of 200 metres and fire hydrants are provided at specific locations throughout the tunnel.The tunnel also has a public announcement system to make important announcement in emergency situations for which loudspeakers are installed at regular intervals. Thanks to the Atal Tunnel, one can now even drive to Lahaul in winter. [10] The approach road to the tunnel entrance was inaugurated by Atal Bihari Vajpayee. I drove through the completed Atal Tunnel for the first time on 4th October 2020, a day after the inauguration by the Prime Minister. “Fulfilling Atal Ji’s dream of top quality infrastructure. [8] RITES conducted a feasibility study. The Rohtang Tunnel is a route that will connect the Lahaul-Spiti valley to the tourist town of Manali in the northern state of Himachal Pradesh, India. Prime Minister Narendra Modi is walking through the roads of the tunnel after its inauguration. The increase of tourists initially will be much more in the winter, but the extreme cold and lack of infrastructure to deal with it, will soon turn that inflow into a trickle. This strategic tunnel will change the fortunes of this region. The tunnel also reduces the road distance between Manali and Leh by 46 km Altitude of Atal Tunnel Atal Tunnel is built at an altitude of 3000 meters i.e., 10,000 feet. The route, which previously went through Gramphu, was 116 km (72.1 mi) long and took 5 to 6 hours in good conditions. Vijay is based in Shimla and is easily one of the most qualified persons to comment on the advantages of the Atal Tunnel and the care one needs to exercise while driving through it. Economics will rule. [5][6], The tunnel is at an elevation of 3,100 metres (10,171 ft) whereas the Rohtang Pass is at an elevation of 3,978 metres (13,051 ft). They all said the Rohtang Tunnel would be highly beneficial to them as Lahaul is cut off from the rest of the world due to heavy snowing over the Rohtang Pass in the long winter season there. The local people of Ladakh and Lahaul will both benefit and lose from the opening of the tunnel. The tunnel was built using the New Austrian tunnelling method and has been equipped with a semi-transverse ventilation system, where large fans separately circulate air throughout the tunnel. The road over the pass will be maintained as an alternate route across to Lahaul, albeit with lesser interest, deployment, and resources. The 8.8 km Rohtang tunnel will be the longest tunnel road in India and World’s highest Road Tunnel. Vijay Parmar is the organizer of the Raid De Himalaya and an expert on driving in high altitude regions. Atal Tunnel (also known as Rohtang Tunnel) is a highway tunnel built under the Rohtang Pass in the eastern Pir Panjal range of the Himalayas on the Leh-Manali Highway in Himachal Pradesh, India. Oct 2020: The tunnel was inaugurated by the Prime Minister, Shape (cross-section) of Tunnel: Horseshoe, Finished width: 10.00 m (32.8 ft) at road level. Even then, the avalanche paths between Chotta Dhara and Batal will need to be cleared daily to allow access to Spiti. I now propose to take up construction of tunnel under Sela Pass (in Arunachal Pradesh)," he said. Geology of tunnelling media: Uniformly dipping alternate sequence of quartzites, quartzitic schists, quartz-diolite-schist with thin bands. 7) What can the authorities do to prevent commercialization and over-exploitation of this area? However, about 30 m portion of the roof of the tunnel collapsed towards the north portal on 17 October 2013 and the digging had to be stopped. "Rohtang tunnel has been completed to provide all-weather connectivity to the Ladakh region. Not unless another tunnel punches a hole under the Kunzum La. Rohtang Tunnel Leaves Filth In Its Wake Locals rattled as lack of facilities, irresponsible tourists lead to littering, open defecation, and even eve teasing and theft Ashwani Sharma 16 October 2020 | Shimla News - Times of India", "रोहतांग टनल का निरीक्षण करने पहुंच रहीं रक्षा मंत्री, बीआरओ अधिकारियों के साथ करेंगी बैठक", "Himachal polls-2017: Quiet opening to Rohtang tunnel amid election din", "Rohtang tunnel to be used only in severe medical emergency | Chandigarh News - Times of India", "HRTC launches bus service across Rohtang tunnel", "8.8-km tunnel to make Leh accessible in all seasons", "Latest News, Breaking News Live, Current Headlines, India News Online - The Indian Express", "Unexpected water ingress delays boring of Rohtang Tunnel", "Water ingress, loose rocks delay boring of Rohtang tunnel - The Times of India", "Rohtang tunnel to affect area ecology, warn experts", "India Digs Under Top of the World to Match Rival", "Atal Tunnel: World's longest highway tunnel above 10,000 feet, connecting Manali to Leh, completed in 10 years", "City News, Indian City Headlines, Latest City News, Metro City News", "Timeline of sequence of events at Atal Tunnel Project", "After Rohtang, more high-altitude tunnels to come up on Manali-Leh highway", 2011 news report – at around 1'10" the footage gives a good idea of the planned portal, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Atal_Tunnel&oldid=1000269547, Buildings and structures in Himachal Pradesh, Articles with dead external links from June 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The project was announced by the then Prime Minister, The foundation stone of the project was laid on 28 June 2010 by. Atal Tunnel Rohtang - Can It Help Indian Army Safeguard Ladakh? For the people of Lahaul, the big gain will be a release from captivity of four winter months of isolation. At the beginning of construction of this tunnel, it was designed as an 8.8 km long tunnel, but when … However, as Rohtang pass closes during the winter, the north portal was not accessible during winter and the excavation was being done only from the south portal in winters. Coming out of the tunnel onto a road on the other side covered in snow and ice, will have significant hazards for two-wheel-drive cars as against 4X4's (four-wheel drives). To end the perpetual isolation of Lahoul & Pangi and uninterrupted supply of Ration, arms and ammunition and petroleum products to the northern sensitive borders at the shortest time has become a reality with the start of Technical kick beneath Rohtang Pass through a Tunnel. Oct 2019: 100 metres work yet to be finished. Pollution sensors continuously monitor the air quality in the tunnel and if the air quality in the tunnel is below the desired level, fresh air is injected into the tunnel via two heavy duty fans on each side of the tunnel. Some of the anchoring and slope stabilisation work was subcontracted to Spar Geo Infra Pvt Ltd. Prime Minister Narendra Modi renamed the tunnel as the Atal Tunnel, in honour of Shree Atal Bihari Vajpayee, on 25 December 2019, Vajpayee's birthday.[8]. [11] In May 2007, the government of Dr. Manmohan Singh awarded the contract to SMEC (Snowy Mountains Engineering Corporation) International Private Limited, an Australian company, and the completion date was revised to 2014. The National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (NHIDCL) is making a DPR for this tunnel which will give a new road link to Leh. "Rohtang Tunnel, connecting Manali in Himachal Pradesh to Leh in Ladakh, will now be known as Atal Tunnel. Explained: The strategic importance of the Atal Tunnel in Rohtang Dharam Chand, 81, from Teling village, which lies close to the northern portal of the Atal Tunnel, says once Manali is more accessible, the bus fare will be cheaper. This all-climate passage will lessen the separation between Manali and Leh by 46 kms. Vehicles breaking down cannot be parked safely to one side and this will quickly cause a traffic pile up. Tourism will spill over into the Keylong side yielding huge infra growth for this area. To be opened for emergency traffic by Oct-2019 end. It must be remembered that with the tunnel reducing driving time, a very significant change in temperatures and oxygen levels will now happen in just 15 minutes! It is not the job of the authorities, whoever they may be, to try and change the march of progress. (Image Source-ANI). The increase in tourism will be marginal in the summer months as the same number that came over Rohtang Pass will drive through the tunnel. It will reduce 46 km distance between Leh and Manali. So one must be aware that the situation calls for you to switch-off the car engine, move away to an exit, and await clearance of the blockage. Salient features of the Atal Tunnel are as follows: The following parameters have been set in design: Project Cost : Approximately ₹3,200 crore[38]. As of December 2016, 7.6 km of the tunnel digging had been completed. Atal Tunnel is the longest highway tunnel in the world, and the 9.02 km long tunnel connects Manali to Lahaul-Spiti valley throughout the year. Leh-Manali Highway tunnel built under the Rohtang Pass in the eastern Pir Panjal range of the Himalayas, "Atal Tunnel renamed as 'Atal Tunnel, Rohtang, "9-km-long Atal Tunnel an engineering marvel", "Atal Tunnel: How world's longest tunnel above 10,000 feet at Rohtang pass will make use of automation solutions", "Importance of Rohtang Tunnel for Lahaul & Pangi resident", "Explained: What is the strategic importance of Atal Tunnel at Rohtang? Connectivity to Ladakh will require more tunnels: either at Shikun La, or at the passes located on the present Leh-Manali road. Prime Minister Nehru discussed a rope way to Rohtang Pass with local tribes in 1960. “This will benefit the farmers here who take their produce to … Nov 2019: Bus service trial started through the yet-incomplete tunnel on 17 November 2019. The loss will be to the close-knit community that grew closer in the winter months, strengthening their traditional ways of life. If you over speed on such a slippery surface, your car can easily go into a slide causing a major accident! 6) The inflow of tourists to Lahaul will obviously increase due to the tunnel. Once completed, the Rohtang Tunnel will be a life changer, providing these regions with safe, all-weather access to the rest of India and reducing travel distance by about 47km. The locals will welcome tourism, additional revenue, and freedom from a winter prison with open arms. And this lack of acclimatization time, will lead to AMS (Acute Mountain Sickness)! Only a little progress was made in the next one year due to heavy ingress of water at serri nullah fault zone, that required constant dewatering and slowed the digging and blasting to a crawl. 3) What do you see as the benefits of the Atal Tunnel? "Atal tunnel will give new strength to India's border infrastructure. 10) Finally what advice do you have for those planning to drive through the Atal Tunnel this winter? On two occasions before that, we had been permitted to drive through the 'under-construction' tunnel. Heavy snowfall in the Rohtang Pass area is a major concern, especially on the approach roads to the main tunnel. However the project did not move beyond the tree-felling stage by May 2003. Moreover, the tunnel bypasses most of the sites that were prone to road blockades, avalanches, and traffic snarls. It will be possible to keep the Lahaul and Pangi valleys route open all year round, within the framework of snow clearance on the roads, by the BRO. Accidents will be common if snow chains on tyres are not used. Vijay Parmar is not just a renowned rally rider, but an off-road driving and riding guru too. Simple Tech: Intelligent Manual Transmission. However to hope to reach Leh during winters, without tunnels under Baralacha La, Lachulang La and Tanglang La, is no more than a fantasy. The tunnel will also form part of an all-weather access route to the mountainous regions of Leh and Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K). Aston Martin DBX, BMW 3 Series Gran Limousine & the latest auto news - Digital show 15h Jan, In Conversation with Tarun Mehta, CEO & Co-founder Ather, Fuel price hike: Petrol prices reach Rs 91.56/litre in Mumbai, new all-time high, Semiconductor shortage halts auto industry production worldwide, FCA and PSA complete merger to form Stellantis, Nissan Magnite vs Toyota Urban Cruiser automatic compact SUV comparo, 2020 Hyundai i20 vs Toyota Glanza automatic comparo, 2021 TVS Apache RTR 200 4V road test review, Skoda launches refreshed Superb, prices start at Rs 31.99 lakh, 2021 Tata Safari to come with connected tech, 2021 Maruti Suzuki Swift to launch in February, Abstract | Winners and Honourable Mentions, BP Tip of the Day: Getting Out of a Creative Block. The cost of the entire project is ₹3,200 crore (US$438 million).[7]. Temperature variation in the area: 25–30 °C (77–86 °F) during May–June, −30 to −20 °C (−22 to −4 °F) during Dec–Jan. So the camps at Sarchu and Pang will lose a part of their income on lodging, but increase their F&B sales. Where do the authorities come in? One should come well prepared as the temperature differences, especially in the winter, may exceed 30 degrees Celsius. Gopal and two companions, Chhering Dorje and Abhay Chand, moved to Delhi. Atal Tunnel or the Rohtang tunnel has been built in the Pir Panjal range of Himalayas. Tunnel ventilation: Semi-transverse system of ventilation. Constructed at an average 10,000ft above sea level, the horseshoe-shaped tunnel will be the world’s longest tunnel … A 2.25 m high and 3.6 m wide emergency tunnel is integrated in the tunnel cross-section beneath the main carriageway. Rohtang Tunnel The tunnel is being built at an elevation of 10171 ft under the Rohtang Pass. Before the tunnel, the driving time between Manali and Leh was around 11 to 12 hours. Overburden: Maximum 1,900 metres (6,230 ft), average more than 600 m (1,970 ft), Construction technique: Drill & Blast with. [9] On 26 May 2002, the Border Roads Organisation (BRO), a tri-service organisation of the Defence Ministry specialising in road and bridge construction in difficult terrains, headed by Lt. Gen. Prakash Suri, PVSM, was put in charge of construction. Vijay Parmar has explored and mapped almost all possible roads and motorable tracks in Himachal, Ladakh and J & K. 8) It is being said that with the tunnel being operational, the road over the Rohtang Pass will no longer be maintained or cleared. In winter, the temperature difference between one side of the tunnel and the other could be over 30 degrees! The Raid de Himalaya was buried with honours after its 20th running! The tunnel is located at an altitude of 10,000 Feet from the Mean Sea Level (MSL). As the tunnel was planned 40 years ago, it lacks lay-bys. As on 13 October 2017 both ends of the tunnel met. [2][3] At a length of 9.02 km, it is the longest tunnel above 10,000 feet (3,048 m) in the world and is named after former Prime Minister of India, Atal Bihari Vajpayee. The central government has renamed Rohtang Pass as 'Atal Tunnel' recently. In areas of poor rock condition, yieldable steel ribs (ISMB 150/ISMB 300) have been used. He is the organizer of the Raid De Himalaya and founder of Himalayan Motorsport Association, which conducts motor sporting events in the Himalayas. [13] The drilling of the Rohtang Tunnel through the Himalayan ranges began on 28 June 2010 at the South Portal, 25 km (16 mi) north of Manali. (Image Source- First Post). To be opened for general traffic by Sep-2020. After a year of discussions, Vajpayee went to Lahaul in June 2000 and declared that the Rohtang Tunnel would be constructed. In five years, Sissu will start looking like Manali twenty five years back, which may not be a plus! Lahaul will benefit from year-round tourism and ease of clearing crops of …

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