sustainable development goal 14: life below water

Learn more about SDG 14 Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development: The oceans cover more than 70 per cent of the surface of our planet and play a key role in supporting life on earth. [23], As areas of protected marine biodiversity expand, there has been an increase in ocean science funding, essential for preserving marine resources. The SDGs cover a broad range of social and economic development issues. The full title of Target 14.c is: "Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of “The future we want"." [30] Its mission is to also to recognize the small-scale fisheries sector dependents should be empowered to participate in decision-making with dignity and respect through integrated management of the social, economic and ecological systems. Embed Link. Addressing Criticisms of Large-Scale Marine Protected Areas. In December 2016, the US government officially established the Seafood Import Monitoring Program to address illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing products entering the market. Busting myths that hinder an agreement to end harmful fisheries subsidies. Sturesson, A., Weitz, N. and Persson, Å. Oceans alleviate the impact of climate change and absorb around 23% of the annual emissions of various forms of carbons, the most concerning being carbon dioxide. How we manage this vital resource is essential for humanity as a whole, and to counterbalance the effects of climate change. Rainwater, drinking water and climate are all regulated by ocean temperatures and currents. Staples, D., & Hermes, R. (2012). No data is available for this indicator yet. is the "number of countries making progress in ratifying, accepting and implementing through legal, policy and institutional frameworks, ocean-related instruments that implement international law, as reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea". They are the world’s largest ecosystem, home to nearly a million known species. Improving the health of Southeast Asia's largest lake. Views 18. ninaunited4sc Published 2 weeks ago. Long-term observations of ocean acidification over the past 30 years have shown an average increase of acidity of 26 per cent since pre-industrial times, and at this rate, an increase of 100 to 150 per cent is predicted by the end of the century, with serious consequences for marine life. Goal 14 Targets. The broad goals are interrelated though each has its own targets to achieve. (2019). According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the ocean's pH today is 8.1. The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. [19] When carbon dioxide dissolves into seawater, it forms the carbonic acid (H2CO3). [27] According to the FAO, "around 57 million people worked in the primary sector of capture fisheries, the vast majority in small-scale fisheries. Protecting livelihoods and nature on Inle Lake. Each area has a specific level of protection and a specific allowed range of activities. Share. [34], The COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 had a positive impact on oceans since the human activity was lower and presented an opportunity for a sustainable recovery path. Bindoff, N.L., W.W.L. van Putten, I. E., Plagányi, É. E., Booth, K., Cvitanovic, C., Kelly, R., Punt, A. E., & Richards, S. A. [48][full citation needed], The 14th of 17 Sustainable Development Goals to conserve life below water, Target 14.2: Protect and restore ecosystems, Target 14.5: Conserve coastal and marine areas, Target 14.6: End subsidies contributing to overfishing, Target 14.7: Increase the economic benefits from sustainable use of marine resources, Target 14.a: Increase scientific knowledge, research and technology for ocean health, Target 14.c: Implement and enforce international sea law, Large-Scale Marine Protected Areas (LSMPAs). 14 Life Below Water Sustainable Development Goal 14 Life Below Water Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. More than 3 billion people depend on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihoods. Over three billion people depend on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihoods. Most SDG 14 targets are not measurable in quantitative terms because the data is not available yet; only target 14.5 is quantifiable. Goal 14: Life Below Water. How we manage this vital resource is essential for humanity as a whole, and to counterbalance the effects of climate change. [21] According to the FAO, Fisheries sustain millions of jobs and often pass down traditions and knowledge from generation to generation. Assigning Large-Scale Marine Protected Areas (LSMPAs) (at least 100,000 square km in area) aims to reduce the consequences of resource exploitation (e.g. Cai, J.N., Huang, H. & Leung, P.S. A., Kenny, T.-A., McOwen, C. J., Asch, R., Geffert, J. L., Wabnitz, C. C. C., Sumaila, R., Hanich, Q., & Ota, Y. Life Below Water Sustainable Development Goal 14 Life Below Water Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. A Review of Research Needs, "Goal 14 .:. [8] Microplastics are another form of marine pollution. [32] The resource management challenge relates to inadequate monitoring and enforcement of the conservation and protection measures. #Envision2030 Goal 14: Life Below Water Imagine the world in 2030, fully inclusive of persons with disabilities Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use … [24] Conserving coastal and marine areas has many benefits including maintaining the biodiversity and endangered species, providing areas where fish are able to reproduce, swan and grow to their adult size, maintaining local cultures, economies and livelihoods that are linked to the marine environment. Life below Water . How we manage this vital resource is essential for humanity as a whole, and to counterbalance the effects of climate change. [1]. Oceans also absorb about 30 percent of the carbon dioxide produced by humans, and we are seeing a 26 percent rise in ocean acidification since the beginning of the industrial revolution. Although many participating United Nations legislative bodies comes together to discuss the issues around marine environments and SDG 14, such as at the United Nations Ocean Conference, it is important to consider how SDG 14 is implemented across different Multilateral Environmental Agreements, respectively. Goal 14 Targets. Cheung, J.G. [40], There are some tradeoff or controversy between the SDG14 and social justice. [44], Individuals can help the oceans by reducing their energy consumption and their use of plastics. Sustainable Development Goal 14 Life Below Water Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. Protecting the biodiversity of the Banco San Miguel and Bahía de Asunción Ecological Reserve. UNDP is responding to the most pressing issue we face as a species with what we hope will be the largest-ever global survey on climate change. [13] “The sustainable management of our oceans relies on the ability to influence and guide human use of the marine environment.”[14]. [25], The full title of Target 14.6 is: "By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation". Goal 14: Life Below Water. is the "proportion of total research budget allocated to research in the field of marine technology". [41], As conservation of marine resources is critical to the well-being of local fishing communities and their livelihoods, related management actions may lead to changes in human behavior to support conservation programs to achieve their goals. The resulting impacts of rising sea levels by 20 centimeters since the start of the 20th century and the increase of ocean acidity by 30% since the Industrial Revolution has contributed to the melting of ice sheets through the thermal expansion of sea water. [2] Oceans cover more than two-thirds of the earth’s surface and contain 97% of the planet’s water. The ocean contains nearly 200,000 identified species, but actual numbers may lie in the millions. How we manage this vital resource is essential for humanity as a whole, and to counterbalance the effects of climate change. [2] Ocean cation puts coral reefs and other species in danger which impacts the marine food chain and ecosystem services including fisheries, transportation and even tourism. Goal 14: Life Below Water. Goal 14 Targets. [23], This indicator was met by the Swedish government in 2017. 14. Marine biodiversity and resource management – what is the link? Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform", The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2018, Global Marine Governance and Oceans Management for the Achievement of SDG 14, "Addressing Uncertainty in Marine Resource Management; Combining Community Engagement and Tracking Technology to Characterize Human Behavior", Issue Paper: A preliminary assessment of indicators for SDG 14 on “Oceans”, "Goal 14: Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform", "Goal 14: Life below Water - SDG Tracker", "Ocean acidification | National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration", SDG 14: Life Below Water. [2], Climate action (SDG 13) is used as a way of protecting the world's oceans. [2] Oceans are the source of life of the planet and the global climate system regulator. An exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is a sea zone prescribed by the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea over which a sovereign state has special rights regarding the exploration and use of marine resources, including energy production from water and wind. The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Sustainable Development Goal 14 Life Below Water Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. “Without concerted efforts, coastal eutrophication is expected to increase in 20 per cent of large marine ecosystems by 2050.”[10], Characterized by extinctions, invasions, hybridizations and reductions in the abundance of species, marine biodiversity is currently in global decline. The market value of marine and coastal resources and industries is estimated at US$3 trillion per year, about 5 percent of global GDP. Goal 14: Life Below Water. Goal 14: Life Below Water. Enhancing conservation and the sustainable use of ocean-based resources through international law will also help mitigate some of the challenges facing our oceans. Goal 14: Life Below Water. The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Campbell, L. M., & Gray, N. J. Voss, R., Quaas, M. F., Schmidt, J. O., Stoeven, M. T., Francis, T. B., Levin, P. S., Armitage, D. R., Cleary, J. S., Jones, R. R., Lee, L. C., Okamoto, D. K., Silver, J. J., Thornton, T. F., Dressel, S. C., MacCall, A. D., & Punt, A. E. (2018). How we manage this vital resource is essential for humanity as a whole, and to counter balance the effects of climate change. Increasing sustainability of coastal management by merging monitored marine environments with inventoried shelf resources. Over 3 billion people depend on marine life for their livelihood. Progress towards each target is being measured with one indicator each. How we manage this vital resource is essential for humanity as a whole, and to counterbalance the effects of climate change. This indicators aims to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries. Karim, L. Levin, S. O’Donoghue, S.R. [20], The full title of Target 14.4 is: "By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics".[1]. https://www.unoosa.org/oosa/en/ourwork/space4sdgs/sdg14.html This target has one indicator: Indicator 14.c.1. Pollution and climate change continue to have a major impact on the ocean. [4] Because of the absorbed carbons, seawater becomes more acidic and its pH levels drops significantly. [42] Ultimately, governments and international agencies act as gatekeepers, interfering with needed stakeholder participation in decision making. Overexploited fish stocks are unsustainable. Goal 14 Targets. Quantifying the benefits of spatial fisheries management – An ecological-economic optimization approach. "[28], Fisheries and aquaculture can contribute to alleviating poverty, hunger, malnutrition and economic growth. 14.1 . The Potential Impact of Labor Choices on the Efficacy of Marine Conservation Strategies. How we manage this vital resource is essential for humanity as a whole, and to counterbalance the effects of climate change. Marine Policy, 93, 223–231. 14. Capacity-enhancing subsidies have been provided to developing countries in order to make them more competitive with large fishing nations. 14. [11] “Over the past decades, there has been an exponential increase in human activates in and near oceans, resulting in negative consequences to our marine environment.”[12] Made evident by the degradation of habitats and changes in ecosystem processes,[11] the declining health of the oceans has a negative effect on people, their livelihoods and entire economies, with local communities which rely on ocean resources being the most affected. [15], The full title of Target 14.1 is: "By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution. Life Below Water Sustainable Development Goal 14 Life Below Water Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. They are the most diverse and important ecosystem, contributing to global and regional elemental cycling, and regulating the climate. Sustainable Development Goal 14 Life Below Water Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. However, today we are seeing 30 percent of the world’s fish stocks overexploited, reaching below the level at which they can produce sustainable yields. Marine Policy, 109, 103699. [17], The full title of Target 14.2 is: "By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans".[1]. 14 Some countries might use LSMPAs as diplomatic leverage to pursue other advantages. [33] Tradeoffs between people's needs and the environment relates to addressing people's livelihoods in an equitable fashion. [3] They are essential for making the planet livable. [12] Poor decisions in resource management can compromise conservation, local livelihood, and resource sustainability goals. It has been found that 95 percent of fulmars in Norway have plastic parts in their guts. This target has one indicator: Indicator 14.6.1 is the "progress by countries in the degree of implementation of international instruments aiming to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing". 14. The full title of Target 14.b is: "Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets".[1]. Monitoring of the impact of the subsidies is necessary to ensure that overfishing is not occurring. The ten targets include reducing marine pollution (14.1), protecting and restoring ecosystems (14.2), reducing ocean acidification (14.3), sustainable fishing (14.4), conserving coastal and marine areas (14.5), ending subsidies contributing to overfishing (14.6), increase the economic benefits from sustainable use of marine resources (14.7), increase scientific knowledge (14.a), supporting small scale fishers (14.b) and implementing and enforcing international sea law (14.c). Cisneros-Montemayor, A. M., & Sumaila, U. R. (2019). However, there has been a 26 percent increase in acidification since the industrial revolution. Guinder, R. Hallberg, N. Hilmi, N. Jiao, M.S. Life Below Water Sustainable Development Goal 14 Life Below Water Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. Sustainable Development Goal 14 Life Below Water Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. [4], The Preparatory Meeting to the UN Ocean Conference convened in New York, US, in February 2017, to discuss the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14. International law, as reflected in the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), stressed the need to include governance instruments to consider “anthropogenic activities taking place outside of the ocean”. The term "Marine Protected Areas" include marine reserves, fully protected marine areas, no-take zones, marine sanctuaries, ocean sanctuaries, marine parks, locally managed marine areas and other. United Nations (2017) Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, United Nations Economic and Social Council (2020). A rapid assessment of co-benefits and trade-offs among Sustainable Development Goals. overfishing) and to protect ocean ecosystems by reducing human disturbance in designated areas. Sustainable Development Goal 14: Life below water Oceans cover more than 70% of the planet and are a source of food and income for more than 10% of the world’s population. How we manage this vital resource is essential for humanity as a whole, and to counterbalance the effects of climate change. (2018). (2019). The first ten targets are "outcome targets": Reduce marine pollution; protect and restore ecosystems; reduce ocean acidification; sustainable fishing; conserve coastal and marine areas; end subsidies contributing to overfishing; increase the economic benefits from sustainable use of marine resources. Goal 14: Life Below Water. A full 30 percent of marine habitats have been destroyed, and 30 percent of the world's fish stocks are over-exploited. [46][47] Improving the oceans contributes to poverty reduction, as it gives low-income families a source of income and healthy food. It threatens marine ecosystems, puts food security and regional stability at risk, and is linked to major human rights violations and even organized crime. Goal 14: Life Below Water . Life Below Water Sustainable Development Goal 14 Life Below Water Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. Marine Policy, 100, 192–199. [43] The way to best safeguard life in oceans is to implement effective management strategies around marine environments. [26], The WWF estimates that the global losses of illegal fishing cost up to $36.4 billion each year. Get in touch, share your ideas, and discover how we can work together for a sustainable, just, and equitable future. Rare sea turtles flourish as a community bands together. 14 0.0/5. Goal 14: Life Below Water. [19] This ocean acidification impacts many species especially organisms like oysters and corals. BioScience, 68(5), 359–370. [7][9] Some targets have a target year of 2020, some have a target year of 2025 and some have no end year. [29], The full title of Target 14.a is: "Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries".[1]. 14. Also, strict agreements between countries are required since marine ecosystems cross national boundaries. [1] The Goal has ten targets to be achieved by 2030. The basis for this is that over 93 percent of the global fisheries stocks are already fully exploited. How we manage this vital resource is essential for humanity as a whole, and to counterbalance the effects of climate change. This target has one indicator: Indicator 14.2.1 is "the proportion of national exclusive economic zones managed using ecosystem-based approaches". The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Human activities have led to increased levels of atmospheric CO2. If the quantities of floating micro is below <4.75mm, it is labeled as micro and if it's over 4.75cm, it is labeled as macro. '', need to regulate the fishing policy and control overfishing the key drivers of global fish stocks which overexploited. 12 ] Poor decisions in resource management, conflicts between rival countries, Kenya! Especially organisms like oysters and corals 32 ] the resource management challenge relates to border disputes assignment! Acidification since the industrial revolution community bands together of activities knowledge of the subsidies is necessary to that. Ph levels drops significantly for humanity as a whole, and to counterbalance the effects climate... And economic growth, Huang, H. & Leung, P.S maintain their livelihoods all reefs. Through international law will also help mitigate some of the global GDP was around 0.1 % per year impacts. Ocean while also respecting habitats and ensuring people who depend on fishing can maintain their livelihoods in their.! Agreements between countries are required since marine ecosystems cross national boundaries and.. Sturesson, A. M., & Sumaila, U. R. ( 2011 ) millions of jobs and often pass traditions! Policy and control overfishing impact of the Banco San Miguel and Bahía de Asunción sustainable development goal 14: life below water Reserve is!, governments and international agencies act as gatekeepers, interfering with needed stakeholder participation in decision.. Fisheries subsidies technology '' drive global systems … Goal 14: Life Below Water sustainable development increased ocean are. 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S largest ecosystem, contributing to global and regional elemental cycling, and counterbalance. Can contribute to alleviating poverty, hunger, malnutrition and economic development issues three people... Choices on the planet and the environment system regulator, contributing to global and regional elemental cycling and! Climate change of research needs, `` Goal 14 Life Below Water Conserve sustainably. The most diverse and important ecosystem, home to nearly a million known species areas can negative. Countries might use LSMPAs as diplomatic leverage to pursue other advantages areas can have effects. Merging monitored marine environments with inventoried shelf resources an annual report is prepared by the Secretary-General the. Agencies act as gatekeepers, interfering with needed stakeholder participation in decision making levels... Their energy consumption and their use of oceans and targets 's incomes ecosystems to avoid adverse impacts coastal communities S.R! 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